Various - provoke nº 1

However, the ballet's original happy ending (contrary to Shakespeare ) provoked controversy among Soviet cultural officials. [4] The ballet's production was then postponed indefinitely when the staff of the Bolshoi was overhauled at the behest of the chairman of the Committee on Arts Affairs, Platon Kerzhentsev . [5] The ballet's failure to be produced within Soviet Russia until 1940 may also have been due to the increased fear and caution in the musical and theatrical community in the aftermath of the two notorious Pravda editorials criticising Shostakovich and other "degenerate modernists" including Piotrovsky. [6] The conductor Yuri Fayer met with Prokofiev frequently during the writing of the music, and he strongly urged the composer to revert to the traditional ending. Fayer went on to conduct the first performance of the ballet at the Bolshoi Theatre.

late 14c., from Old French provoker , provochier (12c., Modern French provoquer ) and directly from Latin provocare "call forth, challenge," from pro- "forth" (see pro- ) + vocare "to call" (see voice (n.)). Related: Provoked ; provoking .